How I Sketch: Part One, Materials


I am often asked for information on how to sketch, in particular how I do my sketching; the more detailed the better! After much trial I have developed a process that works for me, but I continue to learn and evolve as well. I thought I would describe what I’m currently doing, starting with my favorite materials.

The Kit

After trying virtually every art supply one can buy :) , I finally settled on a stable set of tools. My kit goes everywhere with me so that I can always do a quick sketch when the opportunity arises. To realistically achieve this portability the components must be small. This requirement has largely dictated my choices:


Sketchbook: I do all my sketching in small (“Pocket”, 3.5 x 5 inch) Moleskine notebooks that I rebind with 90lb hot press watercolor paper. I use the thicker (1 inch) “Planner” model because it holds more pages: 44 spreads to be exact. Occasionally a sketch fills only one side of a spread but usually I use the full (7 x 5 inch) page.

For the last few years I have filled at least three books a year. And, I am just finishing up Volume #4 for 2007 right now. Each year on January 1st I always start a new book: it can be a struggle to finish that last book by December 31st!

Sailor EF Nib

Pen: I use a Sailor fountain pen with an Extra Fine tip, which is made in Japan.

Quality fountain pens have two unique attributes that make them attractive for sketching. The first is the nib’s ball tip, which allows it to glide in all directions with ease. This can help keep the line work looser than that from a pen which favors one direction or needs to be pushed around.

The other important trait is nib flexibility, the extent of which varies in different types of pens. The stroke from a flexible pen changes width in response to the touch of the user creating a lively and personal line.

Sailor Fountain Pen

My pen is fairly flexible but what makes it ideal is it’s line weight. Because my sketchbook is small a fine line provides more versatility. Japanese pens run finer than do American or European, and this one draws the thinnest fountain pen line I’ve seen.

Carbon Ink

Ink: An ink converter allows the pen to utilize a bottled ink. I use Platinum Carbon Ink, which is a waterproof ink for fountain pens. Waterproof ink does not bleed or run when watercolor washes are laid on top of it. Although such ink is widely considered ruinous for fountain pens, mine have survived thus far. No guarantees though! It is important to use the pen daily to keep the ink flowing and flush it regularly with water to keep it from clogging up. I have found that modern pens stand up to the abuse of waterproof ink better than vintage pens.

Traveling Ink Pot

Ink Pot: The Visconti Traveling Ink Pot is not cheap, but with it I can refill my fountain pen anywhere. I love it. The “pot” is sort of like a test tube that has a rubber neck at the top with a conical opening. One fits the pen snugly into the opening, turns the whole thing over so that the ink is above the pen, uses the pen’s filling mechanism to draw the ink down into it, and then flips everything back over to remove the pen. The outside stopper is very hard to get off (a good thing!) so I also carry a small piece of latex cut from a disposable glove which I can use to get a good grip on it. This ink pot works with many, but not all, fountain pens.

Paint Box: I carry a very small (2 X 3 inch) Winsor & Newton “Bijou” paint box. It has 18 mini pans (1/2 inch square) into which I squirt tube paint. The paint dries quickly (2-12 hours) so it doesn’t run, yet is easily reconstituted with water.

Paint Box Closed
Paint Box Open

On the inside lid are four small mixing areas. The metal box is enameled white on the inside which provides a great mixing palette.

This particular box has not been made in some time (current boxes called “Bijou” are different: bigger overall with bigger “half pan” wells) and are hard to find. However, creative folks are hand making similar mini boxes with great success. I love my little box, although it’s taken quite a beating. When it finally gives out I am going to try crafting a replacement. If I change anything, it will be to use even less space for paints and a little more for mixing. I won’t make the box any bigger though!

Paint: I use Winsor & Newton “Artists Quality” watercolor paints in tubes.

Colors I use most often:
  Raw Sienna
Burnt Sienna
French Ultramarine
    Cobalt Blue
Permanent Alizarin Crimson
Permanent Rose
Other colors sometimes used:
  Lemon Yellow
Aureolin Yellow
Scarlet Red
Cobalt Violet
    Sap Green
Winsor Blue (Green Shade)
Phthalo Green
Manganese Blue

Waterbrush: The brush I use is the Niji waterbrush. It is especially convenient for sketching on the go.


The soft plastic handle fills with water which is fed down into the brush head from inside as the handle is squeezed. With this brush you don’t need any open water container at all, which allows for painting in many more situations. The handle holds enough water for several sketches and is easily refilled by sink, glass, water bottle, creek, puddle, etc. These brushes come in a blue a clear plastic package and can be found in the US in larger art supply stores or online. Similar brushes are available in Europe and Asia as well.

Paper Towel: To change colors with the waterbrush you simply give it a little squeeze and soak up the water with a paper towel. I carry a piece of paper towel or sturdy napkin for this purpose.

Mechanical Pencil: Rarely used, but if needed I like a pencil that is always sharp.

Mini Eraser: When I do need to erase pencil lines, a soft white eraser is gentle on watercolor paper.

Pencil Bag: I have a typical student’s pencil bag (7 inches long, 3 inches high) that holds everything listed above except the sketchbook.

This little DIY sketching kit has served me well, on travels near and far. In fact, I do all of my sketching with these materials. The bag and sketchbook are very portable and I am able to keep them with me pretty much everywhere I go.

Portable Sketching Kit

Continued In…

How I Sketch: Part Two, Demonstration

See Also

Moleskine Rebinding Project
Posts on Travel Sketching

75 Responses to “How I Sketch: Part One, Materials”

  1. Paul Says:

    Great little tutorial. Great sketches. Love your techniques. I wish I could “manage” the process as you have. I have difficult time knowing when to stop detailing but it’s coming along. Well, just wanted to say hello and admire your work.

  2. Anne Marie Says:

    Five years later and your post continues to instruct and inspire. I found your website through a Pinterest pin. Thank you so much for sharing such great detail!

  3. Camille Says:

    holy shit. this is amazing! :O i love your sketching kit!!!

  4. Fenella Songbird Says:

    what lovely precision to read about. Thank you for sharing your creative process and love of expression. You are a giver who is truly dedicated to art

  5. cathy mumford Says:

    Hi: I love your revamped watercolor sketch books. I just wondered if you make them for sale? I would really like to have a few with Lanaquarelle hot press paper. Also do you have any recommendations for a good ink for the fountain pen that DOES make a wash? I really like the black washes in a drawing.

  6. Tanmay Says:

    As a art lover I keep myself on a virtual journey for the art news.Today here I came as a passerby and returned with the link of your home page.Really a nice post!

  7. travel to sketch Says:

    Great sketch site – it IS fun to sketch and anyone can do it! Great way to really see a city, relax, and remember your journeys.

  8. Simon Says:

    I love your website and i absolutely love your sketches. I was once a boy who loved to draw but the art was lost in the world where jobs and schools and making a living are far more important. But I’m doing my backpacking trip throughout Europe in a week or so and i’m planning to sketch while i travel, i’m very excited. thanks for the info on the sketching kit, i’ll go get them tomorrow.

    Keep up the passion and embrace your God’s gift.


  9. ed Says:

    I love your travel kit. Thanks for the great info!
    Could you recommend a cheaper alternative to the Sailor FP that would also have a EF nib and be suitable for Carbon Black ink?


  10. Addison Gast Says:

    Wnderful inforaion for a beginner like myselft that wants to do my own book covers. Your methods are unique in my opinion and present a gentle personality in your work. I’ll be searching for more.

  11. Dorlynn Says:

    As an artist who has also tried every art supply until I was satisfied I took your thoughtful list seriously. I had tried Fountain Pens before, but decided to order the Sailor 1911 EF nib along with the Platinum Carbon Ink and Visconti Ink Pot. What a find!

    I passed on Fountain pens before because I needed the waterproof element for washes and the dip pens were too messy with the shine from the Shellac of the India Ink always disappointing. I settled for Staedtler Pigment Liners and was quite happy until my ink started drying out. I started carrying a half a dozen ‘spares’ around until my portable pencil case was bulging! Your setup was completely satisfying to me. And the attractive Fountain Pen is an added bonus!

    Your website is very thorough and refreshingly generous. Thank you and may your travels be plenty and inspiring!

  12. Megan Dana Says:

    Your website is wonderful. I’m so glad to see people using the small sketchbooks. It seems that in art classes they are always trying to get us to use pads that are uncomfortably large for me (18×24 is WAY too big). My natural inclination is to work smaller, maybe not quite as small as you do but I haven’t really gotten started with outdoor sketching yet.

    I’m a middle aged artist who got sidetracked by marraige, a software company job, and then widowhood. I did make a living selling my paintings of animals in San Francisco a long time ago, and illustrating software manuals later on.

    Thank you once again for the wonderful help and examples.

  13. Ann Says:

    Wonderful advice, thank you very much :)

  14. Sean Durham Says:

    Really great to read this! I enjoyed the post tremendously but more for me is that people still take sketching while travelling seriously – you know like a part of a life style – I love it! It insipes me to pull out my still unfinished sketch books that I used to carry about with me. Thanks

  15. Watercolour Fun « Tree of Ben Curtis Says:

    […] There is of course a ton of useful info on-line about how to start doing all this, but I particularly liked this post, How I Sketch: Part Two, Demonstration, despite being obsessed, as a typical beginner, with all the nice things I can buy in her previous post, How I Sketch: Part One, Materials. […]

  16. savannah Says:

    i am 8 an i have been drawing since i was 2 and i want to learn more about sketching and is fun when ur bored

  17. Rosemary Says:

    Haven’t visited your site in a while – but it always inspires me! Thanks for all your beautiful posts.

  18. Russell Says:

    “Reloaded moleskines”, “latex end-cap grippers”, “ink-converters.”

    You are the freakin’ “MacGyver” of the sketchbook world!

    I have been on a pilgrimage to find my perfect on-the-go sketch kit, and managed to find my way to a moleskine watercolor book and Niji waterbrushes, and now end up at your great website.

    Thanks for sharing your knowledge and experience with everyone.

  19. valiant Says:

    ive been drawing since i was 3 y/ was only cartoons way back know, x-men stuffs, anime’s etc.. actually ive filled a couple of sterling drawing pads with sketches and watercolor pictures. then i went to a blank or let’s just say ive been lazy to draw seriously again..until i saw this site.. now, im starting to draw/sketch outdoors to hone and improve my skills..thanks for the motivation!!..hehe..


    i bought the same stuffs that you featured here on your site.or if not the exact stuff, something common. you know, i dont have any sponsors or sources..hahaha.. i love your has that unlikely appeal on me..take care..!!

  20. valiant Says:

    .., that was gnarly

  21. Jane Says:

    Thank you for sharing this. I now have a kit like this and I have no problems with it at all. Thank you for sharing. I love your sketches. :)

  22. Reggie Behl Says:

    Congratulations, Martha, your blog site on materials is fantastic! TEACHER LEARNS FROM STUDENT! So sorry I didn’t connect to your site sooner; just starting to use a computer. Thanks loads.

  23. Sketching Downtown Portland plus my sketch kit « bill sharp’s sketches Says:

    […] noticed that Martha recently wrote a post showing her entire sketching kit. If you’re interested in sketching make sure to check out Martha’s beautiful and […]

  24. Andrea Jakes Says:

    It’s really fun to see how another artist solves these travel problems. Half the creative joy of it seems to be finding a clever solution. I appreciate so much your willingness to break it down – I think I’ll try the book-binding. I’ve been carrying 20-sheet 6×6″ blocks of Portofino acquerello, hot-pressed, 140 lb. In addition to a paint kit, I carry a small travel-collage kit with scissors, pens, gluestick, and notebook. It’s great for trains and now, planes. I used to carry a small brush and a tiny jar of Golden medium, but gluesticks seem to be working as well for out-of-the-studio work.
    Happy travels!!

  25. Mary McAndrew Says:

    Great post! I love making up new ways to carry my art supplies around, and love making my kit smaller and smaller. I did a similar post on my blog awhile ago. I used the tiny painting kit you referred to…in an Altoids tin, is that what you meant? I end up taking my field box from Windsor Newton many times, I switch back and forth.
    I like your blog! I hope you’ll visit mine and drop me a line,
    keep sketching!

  26. Linda Says:

    Thank you so much for your informative demo. I am happily going to put it to use! Thank you , thank you, thank you!

  27. Travel Turtle » Blog Archive » Keeping Note Says:

    […] lead me to the creator’s website and to this wonderful post on the materials she needs to sketch portably. She’s done all the work of finding the best items to use, and I definitely want to make all […]

  28. Irene Says:

    Here’s a link to a watercolor box featuring 12 1/4 pans. Comes from ‘across the pond’ and may be on the pricier side but no VAT. I just ordered one and it came out to be about $37 before shipping which may tack on about $5-6.

  29. gp Says:

    I have always been looking for a kit that suited me. Thank you for writing this article. I love your sketches. I would like to know where you can buy a bijou.

  30. solomonchik Says:

    Thanks so much for the generous and useful post. So much information. I love your work.

  31. Pam Renovato Says:

    Very useful post. The moleskin sketchbooks are by far the best. I have also tried every art supply ever made before settling on a chosen kit. You have taken away trial and error that none of us have time for.

  32. Croquis en pratique at Lost in Anywhere, Manufacture d’ambiances Says:

    […] How I Sketch: Part One, Materials […]

  33. asma Says:

    Superb. It is v. surprising to me how & what artists use & select as art materials. All these give me a lot of info about art essentials.

  34. Rose Says:

    Omigosh, I am awed by your sharing such a treasury of detailed information. THANK YOU! Obviously you have given a lovely gift of time to yourself, and you have then generously shared that gift with who-knows-how-many grateful recipients! We all do apprecdiate you!

  35. links for 2007-10-04 « Mogore, une femme en or Says:

    […] How I Sketch: Part One, Materials : Sketching and Sketchbooks (tags: paper tutorial howto diy art billet lang:en septembre2007) […]

  36. Katherine Says:

    Martha – I’m sorry I didn’t pick this and the next post up earlier. Both excellent – as always. I now have yet more things to add to my list of good things to have which I can’t get in the UK! ;)

    I’m going to be including links to both posts in the weekly round-up post on “Making A Mark” tomorrow.

  37. Anthony Z Says:

    I too use Noodler’s American Eel ink. Fellow sketchblogger Mattias Adolfssen suggested it. Truly fantastic stuff made to be run through fountain pens (like my Pelikan) and remain waterproof on paper. The genius of it is that it only becomes waterproof once it touches paper, not before, due to a chemical reaction it has with xylene; so it’s always wet on the pen nib. My sketching supplies are almost completely identical to yours as well. I love your work — Great stuff.

  38. EdelmaK Says:

    Wonderful post. My technique and tools are very similar but my output can not comapre to your wonderful work. BTW, I use a Namiki Vanishing Point with a fine nib that I adjusted to be XF. I use Noodlers Black ink. The retracting nib in the VP eliminates the fumbling with the cap and makes it easier to keep the nib from drying out!

    Keep up the wonderful work!

  39. kassy Says:

    painting is fun but drawing is even better

  40. 4ojos Says:

    Very inspiring post. I quite like seeing how people work and art materials have a special appeal to me. I particularly like the way you have modified standard materials to fit your sketching needs.

  41. Terry Banderas Says:

    This is great information. You write well and your detail is very clear. It’s nice to know what other artists use to do their thing.

  42. Flavius Says:

    Sailor FP is very good, but try Caran d’Ache Ecridor XS (mini fountain pen) with Fine nib is fantastic.

  43. janey Says:

    It’s amazing what wonderful sketches you can do with such a small setup. I didn’t realize you used the small moleskine. I love it when artists post how to’s. Really looking foward to the next installment.

  44. TeriC Says:

    What a fabulous post!! I use many of the same things. I am waiting with baited breath for the next installment.

  45. Robyn Says:

    I too am impatient for part two! This is a wonderful and generous post, Martha. Not only have I revisited and followed all the links, I took my water brush out with my watercolours for the first time yesterday and it worked a treat. Previously I’ve only used it with ink or watercolour pencils.

  46. Mariana Says:

    Wow thank you for the tips Martha! I’m such a newbie to paint that I’m always wondering what to use and how, and you’ve helped immensely. Love your recent sketches too, they’re beautiful.

  47. hfm Says:

    Thanks for these precious hints.

  48. Bill Says:

    Martha, This is terrific. Beautifully photographed and clearly detailed.

    I’ve never tried the Platinum Carbon ink. I’ve been using Noodlers Bullet Proof black and I’ve found that it runs a bit when I apply water media over it.

    Thanks for sharing!

  49. Bob Says:

    I have never found the need to rebind Moleskine covers with new watercolor paper. I actually like the Moleskine watercolor notebooks as they are and use other w/c pads as I choose and like.

    The Winsor and Newton watercolor box is an excellent choice. I paint in several media including watercolor and have a considerable stock of W&N w/c paint among other brands.

    My biggest fault is not painting enough! You have inspired me to take my kit out tommorrow.

  50. Lee-Roy Says:

    Hi Martha! It’s fun reading about your tools and especially when the information is laid out so exceptionally well (as usual)! Our kits are now also pretty similar in ways, though I carry a brush fountain pen. That fountain pen sounds like a nice choice for fine lines and of course, we’ve seen the results, too. That watercolor set looks great! Lots of colors in a very small space. Wish I had one of those!

    Funny thing, I noticed this post early on Monday morning as I was finishing up part two of some posts on materials. Seems we both had materials on the mind. :) I’d blogged on Friday about accidentally putting the wrong paper in my Moleskine Mod. The post got picked up by on Monday, creating quite a jump in hits to my blog. I’m thinking you should’ve gotten some of that traffic as well, since I link to your instructions. I also provided a link to you in the comments of the Moleskinerie post.

  51. alison Says:

    Very interesting to see what you carry. I have recently bought a fountain pen and love it for sketching.

  52. Anna Says:

    oooh im so exited to make my own kit now, thank you!

  53. gyreworks Says:

    cool! your kit is remarkably similar to mine, although I have never used a fountain pen– I’ll have to look into it. One thing that I do differently that some people might enjoy is that I put gouache (not the acrylic kind, because it doesn’t rehydrate) instead of watercolors in my little box, since I prefer more opaque colors.

  54. Ann Says:

    Great post, thanks for all the tips on the most useful tools!

  55. rachelcreative Says:

    Wonderful post! Thank you so much for sharing and in such wonderfull told detail :-)

  56. Susan Cornelis Says:

    Oh Man! I just want to go right out and spend a lot of money on all these things (even though I’ve got my own established kit!) especially that beeeautiful pen.

  57. Claudia Says:

    Nice and informative blog entry! Thank you for sharing!

  58. mARTa Says:

    love to see what other people use! I’ve been thinking about a fountan pen…will have to read up some more!

  59. carole Says:

    Thank you for taking the time to share this. It’s really useful – I never would have thought of squirting tube paint into the pans for example, and the information about the Niji brush is just what I need.

  60. Ed Beard Says:

    Thanks for the beautiful post. It was extremely informative and beautifully done at the same time.

  61. Karen Blados Says:

    how wonderful! i’m excited that you’re sharing your techniques … i look forward to picking up a few new tricks of the trade. Thanks!

  62. brian Says:

    Thanks for sharing! Your sketches are great! I love the Bijou as well. Small enough to slip in a pocket and go. The Niji brushes are a blast to use as wll. You can really do a lot with them, blending diluting etc. I tend to use straight pigment when i use one and mix on the pan or the page.

  63. Pat Says:

    Your sketches are appreciated by so many of us, and inspire us as well. Sharing your materials and techniques makes you even more awesome. Thank you.

  64. VickyLW Says:

    A wonderful peek into an artist’s secrets — thank you for sharing! I love my Bijou, though it holds the larger !/2 pans.

  65. casey Says:

    thank you for taking the time to share. i have enjoyed your sketches of dc immensely (i am living in dc now, so i have a particular fondness for those.)

    i had never heard of that type of brush and am eager to try one out.

    thank you again!

  66. gabi campanario Says:

    wow, thanks for sharing, i gotta get myself one of those paint boxes

  67. beegirl0211 Says:

    Thank you for such a wonderful post! Your sketches are amazing. Really enjoyed the inside view. Thanks for sharing!

  68. why Says:

    i enjoyed all your sketches… thanks for sharing the kit!! great and detail info here..

  69. jeanette Says:

    Thanks for a reallly information-packed post!

  70. Kate Says:

    It’s great that you’ve come to a set of materials that really works beautifully for you. For years I’ve been fiddling with my set of tools and am now fairly happy with them as well. As a leftie, I’ve never been happy with fountain pens, they certainly work wonderfully in your sketches.

    For bigger vacations, I now take the larger Moleskin watercolor book. It’s still small enough to fit in the bag that’s always with me and it’s pleasing to have the larger format at times.

    Love following your travels and sketches. They’re really pleasing inspirations. Thanks very much for sharing them.


  71. cecilia Says:

    I cannot describe how I feel about your wonderful work. I wait with baited breath for the next part.

  72. gwen. Says:

    This is WONDERFUL ! Thanks so much for sharing. Can hardly wait for part II…

  73. Connie Says:

    I love the water brush you use. People should be aware that you get what you pay for in water brushes! I have tried several cheaper brushes and the results were terrible. The cheaper the brush, the more likely it is to suck the dirty paint water back up into the water barrel and contaminate the water. I don’t have that problem with the Niji.

    Thank you so much for sharing your materials. Can’t wait for the next one.

  74. Jenny Says:

    Thanks for the thorough descriptions and explanations. It has been so much fun digging through your sketching materials! You use them beautifully.

  75. Jana Bouc Says:

    Congratulations! This post is quite a work of art in itself. I can’t wait to see Part 2. Thanks for even detailing the colors you use, something I always wonder about when I see your watercolors and ponder why mine never look like that!

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